What should we do in cases we experience dizziness or vertigo?

It is difficult to define dizziness but is often called a feeling of rotation and imbalance that sometimes causes it to fall. Many people with dizziness also experience vertigo. A person may feel that he or she is rotating or that the environment around him or her is rotating. Vertigo is caused by various diseases of the inner ear and brain. While some of these diseases are not very serious, others require immediate diagnosis and treatment.
In this article, we describe the symptoms of vertigo and refer to the cases where you need to see a doctor.
The most common causes of vertigo include Benign Paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), Meniere’s disease, vestibular neuritis, labyrinthitis, headache, medications, and brain diseases such as stroke.
If dizziness and vertigo accompany any of the following, immediate intervention is needed:
1. A headache that has recently developed or worsened
2. Body temperature above 38 degrees Celsius
3. Double vision or lack of vision
4. Hearing loss
5. Difficulty in speaking
6. Weakness in hands and feet
7. gait disorders
8. Anesthesia
9. Feeling numbness in the organs
10. Chest pain
11. Vomiting
12. Hypertension, diabetes
13. Tobacco consumption
14. History of stroke
If you do not have any of these problems but have occasional vertigo, see your physician. After initial examinations and if needed, auditory evaluation, balance assessments such as videonystagmography and electrocochleography (performed by the audiologist) would be done. According to the results of these tests, imaging studies such as MRI may be needed.
Vertigo treatments usually include medication, balance rehabilitation and surgery.