Medications for Dizziness

Perception of the individual’s position in space as well as maintaining balance is accomplished through the collaboration of the three systems of the inner ear labyrinth, the visual system, and the proprioceptive system. If there is a dysfunction in these systems, the brain will receive it as a mismatch and the person will feel dizziness or vertigo.
In medical therapy for vertigo it is important to determine what kind of dizziness and vertigo the patient has and which of the three systems responsible for maintaining balance have been affected as a result of injury. The goals of medication for vertigo include relieving vertigo, increasing vestibular compensation, and reducing symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, and psychological symptoms. Some patients with dizziness, experience high levels of stress, and anxiety experience high levels that limit the patient’s activity and thus reduce the likelihood of vestibular compensation. Although the primary goal of most medications used to treat vertigo is to reduce vertigo, it also reduces the brain’s ability to compensate for impaired function in the vestibular system and is therefore only administered for a short time. For this reason, a patient with vertigo should not take the medications continuously for a long period of time without a physicians prescription. In most diseases that result in vertigo, after decrease of vertigo, vestibular rehabilitation should be used to completely relieve the remaining symptoms of the patient.