✅Does Allergy cause dizziness, vertigo and disequilibrium?

Yes- Allergy is one of the most common diseases. Its prevalence has been increasing in recent decades. The most common parts of the body that are affected by an allergic factor are head and neck. In these cases, the structures of the middle ear and the inner ear may also be involved, resulting in inflammation and middle ear infections and increased endolymphatic pressure. In both of these ear problems, dizziness and vertigo are expected.

✅Do you need to perform an auditory assessment to diagnose the cause of dizziness?

{:en}Yes- In many cases, the hearing of the patient should be checked to diagnose the cause of vertigo. The presence of hearing loss, type of hearing loss (conductive, sensory-neural or mixed hearing loss), pattern of audiogram and hearing changes over time help clinicians to diagnose the cause of vertigo. Moreover, the results of some tests such as electrocochleography and videonystagmography should be interpreted based on hearing status of patient (presence of hearing loss, middle ear infections and TM perforations).

{:en}{:en}{:en}✅What are the most common causes of vertigo in elderly?

{:en}{:en}{:en}The most common causes of vertigo in elderly are vascular or central nervous system disorders which are not usually seen in other age groups. Dizziness and disequilibrium could be a side effect of some medications such as cardiovascular drugs, psychotropic drugs and analgesics. Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) and Meniere’s disease are the most common peripheral causes of vertigo in the elderly.

✅Disorders of which part of the body are more correlated with vertigo?

Although vertigo can be caused by disturbances in various parts of the body, including the central nervous system, inner ear diseases are the most important causes of dizziness. For instance, the most common cause of vertigo which is known as Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV) happens as the result of the separation of the particles of otoconia from the utricle and floating in one of the semicircular canals of the inner ear. Moreover, Meniere’s disease which is one of the common causes of dizziness appears to be the result of the abnormal pressure of endolymph in the inner ear. Vestibular neuritis is the inflammation of inner ear (vestibular) nerve and infection of the inner ear results in labyrinthitis and vertigo

✅What are the causes of dizziness in pregnancy?

Dizziness, vertigo and feeling faint are normal and common symtoms in pregnancy. These symptoms are more prevalent in first months of pregnancy. The main reason is the rise of hormones that cause blood vessels to relax and widen, and therefore blood pressure will decrease. The other reason of dizziness in pregnancy is lower blood sugar levels as the result of changes in metabolism in pregnancy.